CST: 28/08/2016 17:31:49   

IDT Corporation Reports Second Quarter Fiscal 2016 Results

178 Days ago

NEWARK, NJ --(Marketwired - March 03, 2016) -  IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT) reported diluted earnings per share (EPS) of $0.18 and Non-GAAP diluted EPS* of $0.39 on revenue of $382.5 million for the second quarter of its fiscal year 2016, the three months ended January 31, 2016. 

2Q16 HIGHLIGHTS 

(Results for 2Q16 are compared to 2Q15)

  • Consolidated revenue decreased to $382.5 million from $394.2 million primarily as a result of reduced traffic on the US to Mexico corridor; 
  • IDT improved its results of operations year over year increasing Adjusted EBITDA to $11.7 million from $8.0 million, income from operations to $6.4 million from $3.7 million, and diluted EPS to $0.18 from $0.11;
  • IDT continues to benefit from efforts to right size overhead. SG&A expense decreased to $51.1 million, its lowest level in over three years;
  • Zedge, which IDT plans to spin-off in the current fiscal year, had an outstanding quarter. Revenue increased to $3.5 million from $2.4 million. Income from operations increased to $1.7 million compared to a loss from operations of $610 thousand.

MANAGEMENT REMARKS

IDT's Chief Executive Officer Shmuel Jonas said, "IDT performed well in the second quarter, generating $11.7 million in Adjusted EBITDA, up from $8.0 million in the year ago quarter and increasing diluted EPS to $0.18 from $0.11 a year ago. 

"A sharp reduction in industry-wide call termination costs in Mexico implemented by regulatory authorities there last year and slowing revenue growth generated by Boss Revolution's prepaid calling service contributed to year over year and sequential revenue declines. However, we expect that the impact on our bottom line will dissipate in coming quarters.

"Looking ahead, we are committed to invest significantly in longer term growth initiatives throughout the Company. Individually and in their totality, these initiatives have very promising prospects and will gradually transform our business while we continue to focus on improving the efficiency of our operations.

"I'm pleased to report that Zedge had a very strong quarter, with record levels of revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and income from operations. We expect to spin-off Zedge to our shareholders in the coming months."

*Throughout this release, Adjusted EBITDA, Non-GAAP net income and Non-GAAP diluted EPS for all periods presented are non-GAAP measures intended to provide useful information that supplements IDT's or the relevant segment's core results in accordance with GAAP. Please refer to the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures at the end of this release for an explanation of these terms and their respective reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

2Q16 CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

                 
$ in millions, except EPS   2Q16   2Q15   1Q16   2Q16 -2Q15 Change (%/$)
Revenue   $382.5   $394.2   $390.6   (3.0)%
Direct cost   $319.7   $328.7   $324.5   (2.7)%
Direct cost as a percentage of revenue   83.6%   83.4%   83.1%   +20 BP
SG&A expense   $51.1   $57.4   $53.1   (11.0)%
Depreciation and amortization   $5.0   $4.4   $5.1   +12.0%
Severance   -   $0.4   -   $(0.4)
Adjusted EBITDA*   $11.7   $8.0   $13.0   +$3.7
Income from operations   $6.4   $3.7   $7.9   +$2.7
Net income attributable to IDT   $4.1   $2.5   $4.2   +$1.6
Diluted EPS   $0.18   $0.11   $0.18   +$0.07
Non-GAAP net income*   $9.0   $7.5   $8.1   $1.5
Non-GAAP diluted EPS*   $0.39   $0.33   $0.35   $0.06
Net cash provided by operating activities   $11.2   $12.7   $14.0   $(1.5)
                 

2Q16 OPERATING RESULTS BY SEGMENT
(Results are for 2Q16 and comparisons are to 2Q15 unless otherwise noted)

TPS

IDT's Telecom Platform Services (TPS) segment accounted for 98.5% of IDT's revenue in 2Q16. TPS markets and distributes multiple communications and payment services across four broad business verticals: Retail Communications, Wholesale Carrier Services, Payment Services and Hosted Platform Solutions.

TPS' quarterly minutes of use were 7.03 billion compared to 7.53 billion (-6.7%) in 2Q15 and to 7.16 billion (-1.9%) in 1Q16. The decreases primarily reflect a decline in Retail Communications minutes, led primarily by the decline in Boss Revolution voice traffic over the US-to-Mexico corridor and reduced sales of traditional disposable calling cards.

TPS' revenue was $376.7 million compared to $389.0 million (-3.2%) in the year ago quarter and $385.7 million (-2.3%) in the prior quarter. The decreases are primarily the result of declines in revenue within the Retail Communications vertical.

                         
TPS Revenue by Business Vertical ($ in millions)   2Q16   2Q15   1Q16   2Q16 -2Q15 % Change in Revenue   2Q16-2Q15
% Change in Minutes of Use
  2Q16 Revenue as a % of all TPS Revenue
Retail Communications   $168.6   $182.6   $173.7   (7.7)%   (13.5)%   44.8%
Wholesale Carrier Services   $147.2   $146.6   $148.1   +0.5%   (3.1)%   39.1%
Payment Services   $53.3   $49.8   $55.5   +6.9%   n/a   14.1%
Hosted Platform Solutions   $7.6   $9.9   $8.4   (24.0)%   (11.6)%   2.0%
Total TPS   $376.7   $389.0   $385.7   (3.2)%   (6.7)%   100.0%
                         

Retail Communications - Sales of IDT's flagship Boss Revolution international calling service, which is the dominant offering in the Retail Communications vertical, declined 1.8% year over year and 1.3% sequentially. Traditional prepaid cards and other, smaller product lines also contributed significantly to the decline in Retail Communications' revenues. The revenue decline at Boss Revolution reflects, in part, regulatory changes that dramatically reduced the cost of terminating calls from the US to Mexico -- Boss Revolution's largest calling corridor. This dynamic is likely to continue at least for the remainder of the year but become progressively less impactful to prior period comparisons over time. Exclusive of the US-to-Mexico route, revenue generated by Boss Revolution's international calling service increased in 2Q16 by approximately 5% compared to the year ago quarter and was unchanged sequentially.

Wholesale Carrier Services - Revenue increased slightly year over year on a traffic mix-shift to higher revenue per minute corridors. The increase was partially offset by a decline in minutes of use. 

Payment Services - Revenue increased year over year on growth in sales of international airtime top-up, which is the dominant product line in this vertical. 

Hosted Platform Solutions - Revenue decreased in-line with expectations reflecting reductions in rates for telephony services provided by IDT to its cable operator customers.

TPS' direct cost of revenue as a percentage of TPS' revenue was 84.6% in 2Q16, an increase of 40 basis points year over year and 80 basis points sequentially. The increases were driven primarily by the wholesale carrier vertical.

TPS' SG&A expense decreased to $46.8 million from $50.5 million (-7.3%) in 2Q15 and from $48.2 million (-3.0%) in 1Q16. Expressed as a percentage of TPS' revenue, TPS' 2Q16 SG&A decreased to 12.4% from 13.0% in 2Q15 and from 12.5% in 1Q16. The year over year decrease primarily reflects reduced employee compensation costs after headcount reductions implemented in fiscal 2015, and reduced marketing and advertising expense compared to the year ago quarter. 

TPS' Adjusted EBITDA increased to $11.3 million from $11.1 million (+1.4%) in 2Q15 and decreased from $14.1 million (-20.2%) in 1Q16. The year over year increase was attributable to the decrease in SG&A expense partially offset by the decline in revenue less direct costs. Sequentially, the decline in revenue was only partially offset by the reduction in direct costs and SG&A expense.

TPS' depreciation and amortization expense was $4.7 million in 2Q16, an increase from $3.9 million (+18.2%) in 2Q15 and $4.4 million (+5.5%) in 1Q16. Depreciation increased due to higher levels of capital expenditures in recent periods to support new product development, including IDT Messaging, Net2Phone Office, and the Boss Revolution Calling App. 

TPS' income from operations decreased to $6.3 million from $6.9 million (-8.3%) in 2Q15 and $9.7 million (-35.2%) in 1Q16. Income from operations in 2Q16 and 2Q15 included the impact of a loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment of $326 thousand and severance expense of $316 thousand, respectively.

CPS

Consumer Phone Services (CPS) sells local and long distance services domestically in 11 states, marketed under the brand name IDT America. CPS has been in harvest mode for the last decade, maximizing revenue from current customers while maintaining SG&A and other expenses at the minimum levels essential to operate the business. Results this quarter conformed to expectations.

CPS' revenue was $1.8 million compared to $2.2 million (-21.2%) in 2Q15 and $1.8 million (-3.4%) in the prior quarter. CPS' income from operations was $290 thousand in 2Q16, compared to $307 thousand (-5.5%) in 2Q15 and $339 thousand (-14.6%) in 1Q16. 

ALL OTHER

All Other includes Zedge, one of the most popular content platforms for mobile device personalization including ringtones, wallpapers, home screen icons and game recommendations, as well as IDT's real estate holdings and other small businesses.

As of January 31, 2016, Zedge's app surpassed 189 million cumulative installs on Android, iOS and Windows Mobile, increasing from 130 million (+45%) a year earlier and 173 million (+9%) at October 31, 2015. Zedge has averaged among the top thirty most popular apps in the Google Play store in the U.S. for the last five years. As a result of Zedge's large, active user base, it offers advertisers, game developers, musicians and artists a scalable, non-incentivized, user acquisition platform with global reach.

Zedge's revenue in 2Q16 was $3.5 million, an increase from $2.4 million (+47.0%) in 2Q15 and from $2.6 million (+37.9%) in 1Q16. The year over year and sequential revenue increases were driven by continued user growth, increased customer engagement and increased revenue per impression. Zedge generated income from operations of $1.7 million compared to a loss from operations of $610 thousand in the year ago quarter, and income from operations of $350 thousand in 1Q16.

All Other's revenue was $4.0 million in 2Q16 compared to $3.0 million (+35.0%) in 2Q15 and $3.1 million (+30.5%) in 1Q16. Zedge and IDT's real estate holdings generate all of All Other's revenue. 

All Other's income from operations, generated primarily by Zedge, was $1.8 million in 2Q16 compared to a loss from operations of $602 thousand in 2Q15 and income from operations of $430 thousand in 1Q16. 

OTHER CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Consolidated results for all periods presented include corporate overhead. In 2Q16, corporate G&A expense was $2.1 million compared to $2.8 million (-27.4%) in the year ago quarter and $2.6 million (-19.8%) in the prior quarter. 

2Q16 net income attributable to IDT increased to $4.1 million from $2.5 million in the year ago quarter and decreased from $4.2 million in the prior quarter. The year over year improvement was driven by Zedge's increased profitability and the reduction in corporate G&A expense. Net income attributable to IDT in 2Q16 included income tax expense of $2.0 million compared to $1.9 million in 2Q15 and $2.9 million in 1Q16. Net income in 2Q15 included a gain on the sale of IDT's interest in Fabrix Systems of $484 thousand for working capital and other adjustments.

At January 31, 2016, IDT had $146.3 million in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Additionally, at that date, IDT reported $88.8 million in current restricted cash and cash equivalents, nearly all of which represents customer deposits held by IDT's Gibraltar-based bank. Current assets totaled $323.5 million and current liabilities were $326.4 million.

Net cash provided by operating activities during 2Q16 was $11.2 million compared to $12.7 million during 2Q15 and $14.0 million in 1Q16. For the same periods, capital expenditures were $3.7 million compared to $7.8 million and $5.5 million, respectively. 

IDT repurchased $4.6 million of its Class B Common Stock during 2Q16.

DIVIDEND

IDT's Board of Directors has declared a dividend of $0.19 per share of Class A and Class B common stock for the second quarter of its fiscal year 2016. The dividend will be paid on or about March 25, 2016 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on March 15th. The ex-dividend date will be March 11th. This distribution will be an ordinary dividend for tax purposes.

IDT EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT & SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

IDT will host a conference call at 5:30 PM ET today, March 3rd, beginning with management's discussion of results, outlook and strategy followed by Q&A with investors.

To listen to the call and participate in the Q&A, dial toll-free 1-888-348-8417 (from U.S.) or 1-412-902-4243 (international) and request the IDT Corporation call.

An audio replay of the conference call will be available one hour after the call concludes through March 10, 2016 by dialing 1-877-870-5176 (toll free from the U.S.) or 1-858-384-5517 (international) and providing the following replay conference code: 1007809. The replay can also be streamed from the IDT investor relations website (www.idt.net/ir) beginning shortly after the call.

Copies of the complete earnings release -- including the financial statements and reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures that are used herein and referenced during management's discussion of results -- were filed on a Form 8-K and are available in the Investor Relations portion of IDT's website.

About IDT Corporation:

IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT), through its IDT Telecom division, provides telecommunications and payment services to individuals and businesses primarily through its flagship Boss Revolution® and Net2Phone® brands. IDT Telecom's wholesale business is a leading global carrier of international long distance calls. IDT also holds a majority interest in Zedge (www.zedge.net), developer of the popular eponymous app for mobile content discovery and acquisition. For more information on IDT, visit www.idt.net.

All statements above that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words "believe," "anticipate," "expect," "plan," "intend," "estimate," "target" and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors. Our filings with the SEC provide detailed information on such statements and risks, and should be consulted along with this release. To the extent permitted under applicable law, IDT assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

 
IDT CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
    January 31,
2016

    July 31,
2015

 
    (Unaudited)        
    (in thousands)  
Assets                
Current assets:                
    Cash and cash equivalents   $ 99,514     $ 110,361  
    Restricted cash and cash equivalents     88,792       91,035  
    Marketable securities     46,797       40,287  
    Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4,939 at January 31, 2016 and $5,645 at July 31, 2015     55,384       58,543  
    Receivable from sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd     3,702       8,471  
    Prepaid expenses     13,769       17,304  
    Other current assets     15,530       14,344  
                 
      Total current assets     323,488       340,345  
Property, plant and equipment, net     90,394       91,316  
Goodwill     13,452       14,388  
Other intangibles, net     1,050       1,277  
Investments     11,292       12,344  
Deferred income tax assets, net     8,654       13,324  
Other assets     7,513       12,688  
                 
      Total assets   $ 455,843     $ 485,682  
                 
Liabilities and equity                
Current liabilities:                
    Trade accounts payable   $ 28,687     $ 29,140  
    Accrued expenses     122,190       139,272  
    Deferred revenue     86,269       86,302  
    Customer deposits     85,129       84,454  
    Income taxes payable     550       391  
    Notes payable-current portion     -       6,353  
    Other current liabilities     3,563       3,000  
                 
      Total current liabilities     326,388       348,912  
Other liabilities     1,765       1,830  
                 
      Total liabilities     328,153       350,742  
Commitments and contingencies                
Equity:                
  IDT Corporation stockholders' equity:                
    Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares-10,000; no shares issued     -       -  
    Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares-35,000; 3,272 shares issued and 1,574 shares outstanding at January 31, 2016 and July 31, 2015     33       33  
    Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares-200,000; 25,287 and 25,276 shares issued and 21,356 and 21,755 shares outstanding at January 31, 2016 and July 31, 2015, respectively     253       253  
    Additional paid-in capital     404,790       403,146  
    Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 1,698 and 1,698 shares of Class A common stock and 3,931 and 3,521 shares of Class B common stock at January 31, 2016 and July 31, 2015, respectively     (115,316 )     (110,543 )
    Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income     (2,744 )     771  
    Accumulated deficit     (160,196 )     (159,829 )
                 
      Total IDT Corporation stockholders' equity     126,820       133,831  
    Noncontrolling interests     870       1,109  
                 
      Total equity     127,690       134,940  
                       
      Total liabilities and equity   $ 455,843     $ 485,682  
                 
                 
 
IDT CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
             
    Three Months Ended
January 31,

    Six Months Ended
January 31,

 
    2016
    2015
    2016
    2015
 
    (in thousands, except per share data)  
Revenues   $ 382,454     $ 394,173     $ 773,032     $ 807,051  
Costs and expenses:                                
  Direct cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)     319,724       328,737       644,235       672,544  
  Selling, general and administrative (i)     51,054       57,394       104,143       114,392  
  Depreciation and amortization     4,973       4,440       10,025       8,845  
  Research and development     -       -       -       1,656  
  Severance     -       351       -       1,899  
                                 
Total costs and expenses     375,751       390,922       758,403       799,336  
  Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment     (326 )     -       (326 )     -  
  Gain on sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd     -       484       -       75,629  
                                 
Income from operations     6,377       3,735       14,303       83,344  
  Interest income (expense), net     534       (40 )     692       (131 )
  Other (expense) income, net     (234 )     967       (844 )     2,290  
                                 
Income before income taxes     6,677       4,662       14,151       85,503  
  Provision for income taxes     (2,014 )     (1,905 )     (4,911 )     (2,392 )
                                 
Net income     4,663       2,757       9,240       83,111  
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests     (598 )     (247 )     (981 )     (445 )
                                 
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation   $ 4,065     $ 2,510     $ 8,259     $ 82,666  
                                 
                                 
Earnings per share attributable to IDT Corporation common stockholders:                                
  Basic   $ 0.18     $ 0.11     $ 0.36     $ 3.63  
                                   
  Diluted   $ 0.18     $ 0.11     $ 0.36     $ 3.57  
                                 
Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of earnings per share:                                
  Basic     22,799       22,818       22,867       22,783  
                                   
  Diluted     22,799       23,225       22,884       23,155  
                                 
                                 
Dividends declared per common share   $ 0.19     $ 0.82     $ 0.37     $ 1.67  
                                 
                                 
(i) Stock-based compensation included in selling, general and administrative expenses   $ 873     $ 2,172     $ 1,644     $ 3,020  
                                 
                                 
 
IDT CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
       
    Six Months Ended
January 31,

 
    2016
    2015
 
    (in thousands)  
Operating activities                
Net income   $ 9,240     $ 83,111  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
  Depreciation and amortization     10,025       8,845  
  Deferred income taxes     4,708       2,441  
  Provision for doubtful accounts receivable     486       35  
  Gain on sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd     -       (75,629 )
  Realized (gain) loss on marketable securities     (543 )     54  
  Interest in the equity of investments     (79 )     (1,459 )
  Stock-based compensation     1,644       3,020  
Change in assets and liabilities:                
  Restricted cash and cash equivalents     (5,360 )     (7,912 )
  Trade accounts receivable     (1,366 )     3,285  
  Prepaid expenses, other current assets and other assets     7,644       5,787  
  Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses, other current liabilities and other liabilities     (10,814 )     (7,478 )
  Customer deposits     8,200       8,193  
  Income taxes payable     159       (292 )
  Deferred revenue     1,202       (1,047 )
                 
Net cash provided by operating activities     25,146       20,954  
Investing activities                
  Capital expenditures     (9,223 )     (13,946 )
  Proceeds from sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd., net of cash and cash equivalents sold     4,769       36,039  
  Purchase of investments     (350 )     (125 )
  Proceeds from sale and redemption of investments     626       43  
  Purchases of marketable securities     (24,480 )     (18,382 )
  Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities     18,720       12,104  
                 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities     (9,938 )     15,733  
Financing activities                
  Dividends paid     (8,626 )     (38,891 )
  Distributions to noncontrolling interests     (1,220 )     (750 )
  Proceeds from exercise of stock options     -       2,896  
  Repayments of revolving credit loan payable and other borrowings     (6,353 )     (13,132 )
  Repurchases of Class B common stock     (4,773 )     (703 )
                 
Net cash used in financing activities     (20,972 )     (50,580 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents     (5,083 )     (6,789 )
                 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents     (10,847 )     (20,682 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     110,361       153,823  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 99,514     $ 133,141  
                 
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities                
  Net liabilities excluding cash and cash equivalents of Fabrix Systems Ltd. sold   $ -     $ 14,333  
                 
                 

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the Second Quarter Fiscal 2016 and 2015

In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), IDT also disclosed, for the second quarters of fiscal 2016 and 2015, Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share, or EPS, which are non-GAAP measures. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

IDT's measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenues less direct cost of revenues, selling, general and administrative expense and research and development expense. Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income from operations, add depreciation and amortization, severance expense, and loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment, and subtract the gain on the sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.

IDT's measure of non-GAAP net income starts with net income in accordance with GAAP and adds depreciation and amortization, severance expense, stock-based compensation, and loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment, and subtracts the gain on the sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.

IDT's measure of non-GAAP diluted EPS is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income by the diluted weighted-average shares.

These additions and subtractions are non-cash and/or non-routine items in the relevant fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 periods.

Management believes that IDT's Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS measures provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses and non-routine gains that may not be indicative of IDT's or the relevant segment's core operating results. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as a relevant indicator of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS to evaluate operating performance in relation to IDT's competitors. Disclosure of these financial measures may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. In addition, IDT has historically reported similar financial measures and believes such measures are commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance, therefore the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting at this time.

Management refers to Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures income (loss) from operations and net income, on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments' and IDT's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.

While depreciation and amortization are considered operating costs under GAAP, these expenses primarily represent the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or constructed in prior periods. IDT's operating results exclusive of depreciation and amortization charges are useful indicators of its current performance.

Severance expense is also excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. Severance expense is reflective of decisions made by management in each period regarding the aspects of IDT's and its segments' businesses to be focused on in light of changing market realities and other factors. While there may be similar charges in other periods, the nature and magnitude of these charges can fluctuate markedly and do not reflect the performance of IDT's core and continuing operations.

Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment and gain on the sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd., which are components of income from operations, are excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. From time-to-time, IDT will dispose of certain assets, and IDT will select and incubate promising early stage businesses outside of its core business for eventual sale or spin-off to its stockholders. However, such losses or gains do not occur each quarter nor are they part of IDT's or the relevant segment's core operating results.

The other calculation of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenues less direct cost of revenues, selling, general and administrative expense and research and development expense. As the other excluded items are not reflected in this calculation, they are excluded automatically and there is no need to make additional adjustments. This calculation results in the same Adjusted EBITDA amount and its utility and significance is as explained above.

Stock-based compensation recognized by IDT and other companies may not be comparable because of the variety of types of awards as well as the various valuation methodologies and subjective assumptions that are permitted under GAAP. Stock-based compensation is excluded from IDT's calculation of non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS because management believes this allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons of the operating results per share of IDT's core business with the results of other companies. However, stock-based compensation will continue to be a significant expense for IDT for the foreseeable future and an important part of employees' compensation that impacts their performance. 

Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, income (loss) from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income, basic and diluted earnings per share or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, IDT's measurements of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following are reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which are, (a) for Adjusted EBITDA, income (loss) from operations for IDT's reportable segments and net income for IDT on a consolidated basis, (b) for non-GAAP net income, net income and, (c) for non-GAAP EPS, basic and diluted earnings per share.

 
IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited) in millions
Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.  
                     
    Total IDT Corporation   Telecom Platform Services   Consumer Phone Services   All Other   Corporate
Three Months Ended January 31, 2016 (2Q16)                    
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 11.7   $ 11.3   $ 0.3   $ 2.2   $ (2.1)
Subtract:                    
  Depreciation and amortization   5.0   4.7   -   0.3   -
  Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment   0.3   0.3   -   -   -
Income (loss) from operations   6.4   $ 6.3   $ 0.3   $ 1.9   $ (2.1)
  Interest income, net   0.5                
  Other expense, net   (0.2)                
Income before income taxes   6.7                
  Provision for income taxes   (2.0)                
Net income   4.7                
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   (0.6)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation   $ 4.1                
                     
                     
    Total IDT Corporation   Telecom Platform Services   Consumer Phone Services   All Other   Corporate
Three Months Ended October 31, 2015 (1Q16)                    
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 13.0   $ 14.1   $ 0.3   $ 1.1   $ (2.5)
Subtract:                    
  Depreciation and amortization   5.1   4.4   -   0.7   -
  Severance expense   -   -   -   -   -
Income (loss) from operations   7.9   $ 9.7   $ 0.3   $ 0.4   $ (2.5)
  Interest income, net   0.2                
  Other expense, net   (0.6)                
Income before income taxes   7.5                
  Provision for income taxes   (2.9)                
Net income   4.6                
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   (0.4)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation   $ 4.2                
                     
                     
 
IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited)
in millions
Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.
                     
    Total IDT Corporation   Telecom Platform Services   Consumer Phone Services   All Other   Corporate
Three Months Ended January 31, 2015 (2Q15)                    
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 8.0   $ 11.1   $ 0.3   $ (0.6)   $ (2.8)
Subtract (Add):                    
  Depreciation and amortization   4.4   3.9   -   0.5   -
  Severance expense   0.4   0.3   -   -   -
  Gain on sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.   (0.5)   -   -   (0.5)   -
Income (loss) from operations   3.7   $ 6.9   $ 0.3   $ (0.6)   $ (2.8)
  Other income, net   1.0    
Income before income taxes   4.7    
  Provision for income taxes   (1.9)    
Net income   2.8    
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   (0.3)    
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation   $ 2.5    
         
         
 
IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
(unaudited)
in millions
Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.
                     
    Total IDT Corporation   Telecom Platform Services   Consumer Phone Services   All Other   Corporate
Six Months Ended January 31, 2016                    
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 24.6   $ 25.4   $ 0.6   $ 3.2   $ (4.6)
Subtract:                    
  Depreciation and amortization   10.0   9.1   -   0.9   -
  Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment   0.3   0.3   -   -   -
Income (loss) from operations   14.3   $ 16.0   $ 0.6   $ 2.3   $ (4.6)
  Interest income, net   0.7                
  Other expense, net   (0.8)                
Income before income taxes   14.2                
  Provision for income taxes   (4.9)                
Net income   9.3                
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   (1.0)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation   $ 8.3                
                     
                     
    Total IDT Corporation   Telecom Platform Services   Consumer Phone Services   All Other   Corporate
Six Months Ended January 31, 2015                    
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 18.5   $ 22.1   $ 0.7   $ 1.4   $ (5.8)
Subtract (Add):                    
  Depreciation and amortization   8.8   7.7   -   1.1   -
  Severance expense   1.9   1.9   -   -   -
  Gain on sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.   (75.6)   -   -   (75.6)   -
Income (loss) from operations   83.3   $ 12.5   $ 0.7   $ 75.9   $ (5.8)
  Interest expense, net   (0.1)                
  Other income, net   2.3                
Income before income taxes   85.5                
  Provision for income taxes   (2.4)                
Net income   83.1                
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   (0.4)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation   $ 82.7                
                     
                     
 
IDT Corporation
Reconciliations of Net Income to Non-GAAP Net Income and   Diluted EPS to Non-GAAP Diluted EPS
(unaudited) in millions, except per share data
Figures may not foot due to rounding to millions.
                     
    2Q16   1Q16   2Q15   Six Months Ended January 31, 2016   Six Months Ended January 31, 2015
                     
Net income   $ 4.7   $ 4.6   $ 2.8   $ 9.2   $ 83.1
Adjustments (add) subtract:                    
  Stock-based compensation   (0.9)   (0.8)   (2.2)   (1.6)   (3.0)
  Depreciation and amortization   (5.0)   (5.0)   (4.4)   (10.0)   (8.8)
  Gain on sale of interest in Fabrix Systems Ltd.   -   -   0.5   -   75.6
  Severance expense   -   -   (0.4)   -   (1.9)
  Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment   (0.3)   -   -   (0.3)   -
Total adjustments   (6.2)   (5.8)   (6.4)   (11.9)   61.9
  Income tax effect of total adjustments   1.9   2.3   1.7   4.0   3.3
    4.3   3.5   4.7   7.9   (65.2)
Non-GAAP net income   $ 9.0   $ 8.1   $ 7.5   $ 17.1   $ 17.9
                     
Earnings per share:                    
  Basic   $ 0.18   $ 0.18   $ 0.11   $ 0.36   $ 3.63
  Total adjustments   0.21   0.17   0.22   0.39   (2.84)
  Non-GAAP EPS - basic   $ 0.39   $ 0.35   $ 0.33   $ 0.75   $ 0.79
                     
  Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of basic earnings per share   22.8   22.9   22.8   22.9   22.8
                     
  Diluted   $ 0.18   $ 0.18   $ 0.11   $ 0.36   $ 3.57
  Total adjustments   0.21   0.17   0.22   0.39   (2.80)
  Non-GAAP EPS - diluted   $ 0.39   $ 0.35   $ 0.33   $ 0.75   $ 0.77
                     
  Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of diluted earnings per share   22.8   23.0   23.2   22.9   23.2
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

Contact:
IDT Corporation Investor Relations
Bill Ulrey
william.ulrey@idt.net
973-438-3838